Tag Archives: Ideology

Ideologically Speaking on Social Issues

For this post, we’ll take a look at four political ideologies and how followers of those ideologies would stand on certain social issues.  The social issues, for the purposes of this argument, would be abortion, gay marriage, and legalizing marijuana.


— Those who favor a pro-choice stance on abortion:  liberals, libertarians, socialists

— Those who favor a pro-life stance on abortion:  conservatives


–Those who favor gay marriage:  liberals, libertarians, and socialists

–Those who oppose gay marriage:  conservatives


–Those who favor the legalization of marijuana:  liberals, libertarians, socialists

–Those who oppose the legalization of marijuana:  conservatives

Let’s go back to an earlier post on ideologies.  In that post, you’ll see the relationship between the size and scope of government and how government subsequently handles economic issues.  Socialists believe in a more active federal government when it comes to the economy, while libertarians believe in a “hands off” government when dealing with economic issues.  Liberals and conservatives are somewhere in between those two ideologies.  What we haven’t defined is the idea of the size and scope of government when it comes to social issues.

Is there one particular ideology that seems to be consistent in its beliefs on both an economic and social issue scale?  (For example, do liberals take the same pro-active government approach to the economy as well as to being involved in an individual’s social decisions.  Are conservatives opposed to government intervention in both economic and social issues?)



Parties and Ideologies

Would it be fair to call the Democratic Party, a “liberal party”?  Would it also be fair to call the Republican Party, a “conservative party”?  Probably not, because not all members of the Democratic Party are liberal and not all Republicans in their party are conservative.  In the United States, the major parties are “indistinct” in their makeup.  This means that the party’s label does not necessarily equate to a party’s ideology.  For instance, the Republican Party is made up of conservatives, libertarians, and liberals, while the Democratic Party is made up of liberals, socialists, and conservatives.  Many ideological perspectives fit under each party’s label.  Contrast that with the major parties in Canada or in the United Kingdom.  Each country has a Conservative Party, a variation of a Liberal Party (in the UK, it is called the Liberal Democratic Party), and a Labour Party, which leans in the direction of socialism.  You know where each party stands in regards to their ideology.  Parties that have definitive ideologies are called “distinct” parties.  There are those parties in the United States that are distinct in their ideology.  Among those include the Libertarian Party and the Socialist Party USA.

Why aren’t more political parties in the United States “distinct” in their makeup?

What is your political ideology?