When California voters show up to the polls this November, they will have a limited number of choices at the ballot box for Governor, other statewide races, and races for US House. Known as the “Top 2” Primary, the top two candidates in the primary advance to a run-off in November’s general election. Traditional open/closed primary elections guarantee a nominee from each political party who holds a party primary. Therefore, if three parties hold primary elections, then each party will have a nominee on the ballot in the general election. In a “Top 2” system, no party is guaranteed a nominee in the second round of voting. You could end up with the top two primary winners from the same political party. The Green, Libertarian, and Peace and Freedom Parties will not have a candidate in November’s statewide and national races in California.
What are your opinions on a “Top 2” Primary? Do you favor such an election? Do you favor the traditional open/closed primaries that most states have where each party will have some form of representation on Election Day?
The topic of federalism has once again popped up with the recent United States Supreme Court decisions relating to the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), and to the initiative passed by the voters in the state of California, Proposition 8. In the case involving the Voting Rights Act of 1965, a key piece of the law was overturned as irrelevant to today’s society. In the Act, officials from fifteen states would have needed to receive federal permission if they wished to change voting laws in their states. Most of the states in question were in the South and had a history of discrimination at the ballot box. That portion was overturned by the Court.
With regards to the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), married same-sex couples can now receive federal benefits which were once prohibited by DOMA. In the case of Proposition 8, two lower courts overturned a ban on same-sex marriage. The ban, which was Proposition 8, was passed in a public initiative. The Supreme Court upheld the ruling in the lower courts. Same-sex marriage will be legal once again in California.
Where do you stand on the topic of federalism in regards to “hot button” issues regarding race, culture, and morality? Which level of government should decide the outcome to these issues?