A political party, loosely defined, is an organization that works to get candidates on a ballot with the hope of getting those candidates elected. The end result for a political party is to transform its platform or agenda into public policy. In the United States, we have a two-party system. In a two-party system, the candidates from one of two political parties usually win in an election. Those two parties are the Democrats and the Republicans. Within each political party, party members represent a variety of ideologies, geographic regions, or interests.
Let’s assume for a moment, though, that a political party is like a party that is thrown at someone’s house. You have been invited to one of the two political “parties”. One house is a Democratic house. The other is a Republican house. Choose one of the two “house parties” and then explain what you might see at the party if you attended it. For instance, if I attended a Democratic house party, then I might see a Union boss open the door for me. At the party itself, the attendees might be more female than male or more minority than white. I might I make this assumption because the Democratic Party gets its support from unions, women, and minorities.
This is a pretty exercise to do. Think of the geographic areas or the ideologies that also might fall in line with the two parties. For assistance on ideologies, you might want to search Politics Matters for posts that I have made about political ideologies in the United States.